JEWISH QUARTER EXCAVATIONS IN THE OLD CITY OF JERUSALEM

Conducted by Nahman Avigad 1969-1982

From 1969 to 1982, extensive archaeological excavations were conducted in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem under the direction of the late Professor Nahman Avigad. During these excavations, impressive remains of fortifications, public buildings and domestic dwellings were found, as well as numerous artifacts from all of the periods of the continuous settlement of this area, beginning at the end of the Iron Age until the Ottoman period. This volume is the first of the final reports of these excavations. It presents the architectural remains and part of the small finds from three excavation areas: A, W, and X-2. Here were found remains of the northern section of the First Wall that protected ancient Jerusalem’s Southwestern Hill during the First and Second Temple periods.

Vol. I. Architecture and Stratigraphy: Areas A, W and X-2

 

Final Report - H. Geva, ed. (2000)

31 x 23.5 cm., hard cover, 296 pages, 322 photos + figures, sections and plans, ISBN 965-221-040-4

Price: $72 Price for IES members: $54 Postage: $13

 

Vol. II. The Finds from Areas A, W and X-2

Final Report - H. Geva, ed. (2003)

31 x 23.5 cm., hard cover, 576 pages, 8 color plates, 700 b/w photos, 100 figures , ISBN 965-221-050-X

Price: $90 Price for IES members: $68 Postage: $13

 

Vol. III. Area E and Other Studies

Final Report H. Geva,

504 pages, 31 x 23.5 cm., hard cover, numerous color plates, photos and drawings, ISBN 965-221-060-9

Price: $92

Discounted price to IES members: $69 Postage:$13

 

Vol. IV. The Burnt House of Area B and Other Studies

Final Report H. Geva,

375 pages, 31 x 23.5 cm., hard cover, numerous color plates, photos and drawings, ISBN 978-965-221-080-7

Price: $80

Discounted price to IES members: $60 Postage:$20

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Vol. V. The Cardo (Area X) and the Nea Church (Areas D and T)

Final Report O. Gutfeld,

520 pages, 31 x 23.5 cm., hard cover, numerous color plates, photos and drawings, ISBN 978-965-221-086-9

Price: $120

Discounted price to IES members: $90 Postage:$23

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Vol. VI  Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem

 

 

 

More volumes are currently in preparation.

 

THE JERUSALEM WESTERN WALL TUNNEL

Dan Bahat

432 pages, 34 x 23.5 cm., hardcover; numerous illustrations

ISBN 978-965-221-091-3 Price: $104 ($78 to members of the Israel Exploration Society); postage $25

Beginning in 1967 a tunnel was excavated along the entire length of the Western Wall of the Temple Mount, passing beneath the buildings of the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. The initiative for this excavation was taken by the Israel Ministry of Religious Affairs, which sought to become familiar with the Western Wall and the reasons for it having become a focus for Jewish prayer.

Remains of several periods of construction have been found in the tunnel. At the northern end a massive pre-Herodian water channel was discovered. The monumental Herodian period construction characterized by huge ashlars was found the entire length of the tunnel. It became clear that Herod did not complete the construction project at the northern end of the Western Wall. One of the four western gates of the Temple Mount, known today as Warren’s Gate after its discoverer, is now visible to visitors. It is of great significance as, according to historical sources, its proximity to the Holy of Holies of the Temple made this a place of Jewish prayer in the medieval period. As this area became inaccessible following the construction of Mamluk buildings here in the 14th–15th centuries, the portion of the Western Wall at today’s Prayer Plaza replaced it.

The 70 CE destruction wrought by the Romans to the walls of the Temple Mount enclosure is evident in the Tunnel and includes a pile of collapsed building stones. Following their foundation of the pagan city of Aelia Capitolina, the Romans constructed a large bathhouse in the area of the southern part of the Tunnel. There is also evidence of Jerusalem’s subsequent history: Byzantine period dwellings; a bridge connecting the Upper City with the Temple Mount in the Early Islamic period that replicates a similar Second Temple period bridge whose remains were also found in the Tunnel; remains of a Crusader period church. This was followed by Mamluk period urbanization covering the area abutting the Temple Mount’s western wall with public buildings, blocking most of it from sight until an earthquake in 1546 exposed the small portion that would become a Jewish place of prayer.

The discoveries at the Western Wall Tunnel enrich our knowledge of Jerusalem’s history. This book describes the rich finds uncovered through decades of research.

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EXCAVATING THE CITY OF DAVID

Where Jerusalem’s History Began

Ronny Reich

384 pages; 25.219 cm., hard cover; 207 illustrations, most in color. ISBN 978-965-221-082-1

Price: $48 ($36 to IES members). Airmail postage: $17; surface postage: $10

It was archaeological research over the past 150 years that identified Jerusalem’s southeastern hill, outside the Old City walls, as the City of David mentioned in the Bible. In retrospect, this is obviously the case, since this is the only hill in the central Judean Mountains near which a year-round spring flows, and upon which remains from the Bronze and Iron Ages are found. The growing realization that this hill is indeed the most ancient part of Jerusalem led many scholars to excavate there. Since the first excavation, by Charles Warren in 1867, and to the present, 14 archaeological expeditions have dug here, and about 12 archaeological probes have been undertaken. In terms of the number of expeditions, that makes the City of David hill the most excavated site in Israel. British, German, French, and Israeli teams have dug here under four different governments (Ottoman, British Mandate, Jordanian and Israeli), producing an impressive quantity of data. Some of these remains are uniquely important, including the Siloam Tunnel, the Warren’s Shaft system, the Siloam Inscription, the Theodotos Inscription and the Pool of Siloam. This book begins with the chronological story of a century and a half of excavation and study of the City of David hill. It then summarizes the history of the hill from prehistoric times to the renewal of Jewish presence at the end of the Ottoman period. This book was made possible thanks to the initiative of the late Mendel Kaplan, founder of the City of David Society, which conducted excavations at the site from 1978 to 1985. At his behest, the volume is dedicated to the memory of Yigal Shiloh, who directed this first Israeli archaeological expedition to the City of David. Archaeologist Ronny Reich has been excavating and studying Jerusalem’s antiquities for over 40 years. From 1969 to 1978, he was a member of the team, directed by Prof. Nahman Avigad, which excavated Jerusalem’s Jewish Quarter. He then joined the Israel Antiquities Authority. In that capacity he excavated in the Mamillah area near Jaffa Gate, where he uncovered tombs from the Iron Age and the Byzantine period. Reich later uncovered Second Temple Jerusalem’s main street, near the Temple Mount and Robinson’s Arch. Since 1995, together with his colleague Eli Shukron, he has been director of the City of David excavations.Reich is a graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he also wrote his Ph.D. on Jewish ritual baths in the Second Temple period, considered a seminal work on the subject. Since 1995, he has been a professor of archaeology at the University of Haifa. In 2000, Reich was awarded the Jerusalem Prize for Archaeological Research.

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