Khirbet Qeiyafa Vol. 6. The Iron Age Pottery
Hoo-Goo Kang and Yosef Garfinkel
370 pages, 25 figures, 107 pottery plates and 72 color photos.
Price: $70 ($37.50 to IES members)
Postage to US: $11 surface; $25 airmail
Europe: $14 surface; $19 airmail
This book presents the first large-scale pottery assemblage ever
excavated from the early tenth century BCE in Judah. Up to now the tenth
century BCE has not been recognized in surveys conducted in Judah,
simply because its pottery was not known. This creates the false
impression that Judah was an empty area lacking population and a central
authority. Our excavations at Khirbet Qeiyafa altered this situation.
Clarifying the character of the pottery of this disputed era opens new
horizons for understanding the early history of the Kingdom of Judah.
For that reason it was important for us to present and discuss the
assemblage in a detailed manner, with extensive drawings and
Khirbet Qeiyafa Vol. 5:
Excavation Report 2007–2013, The Numismatic Finds: Coins and Related
by Yoav Farhi (with
contributions by C. Lorber, S. Shalev and S. Shilstein) Jerusalem, 2016.
Israel Exploration Society
$48 ($36 to members of the
Israel Exploration Society). Airmail postage: $22 to USA; $16 to Europe.
More than 600 coins and related
objects were found at Khirbet Qeiyafa during the 2007–2013 excavation
seasons. The earliest coins date from the end of the sixth century BCE
and the latest from the British Mandate. These coins almost all relate
to three phases in the history of the site following the Iron Age
occupation: the Late Persian–Early Hellenistic period (late fourth–early
third centuries BCE), the Hasmonaean period up to the destruction of the
Second Temple (first century BCE–first century CE) and the Late Roman
and Byzantine periods (fourth–fifth centuries CE).
The numismatic finds from the
Persian–Early Hellenistic period
are extraordinary in their amount and rarity and include many types that
were hitherto unknown from controlled excavations. The variety of coins
that were found – imported Archaic and Classical Greek coins, coins from
Phoenicia, local coins from mints in Jerusalem, Philistia, Samaria and
possibly Edom, as well as Macedonian and Ptolemaic coins – contributes a
great deal to our knowledge of the monetary economy of Judaea and its
neighbours during the transition from the Persian to the Hellenistic
The exposure of this stratum and
its numerous small finds is of great significance for the study of the
transition from the Persian to the Hellenistic period in this region,
since no site exposed so far in Israel in general, or in this region in
particular, contains a comparable single-period occupation stratum that
can be so precisely dated to this period.
Qeiyafa: A Fortified City in Judah from the Time of King David, Yosef
Garfinkel, Igor Kreimerman and Peter Zilberg
the name “Khirbet Qeiyafa” was still unknown both to professional
archaeologists and to the public. In 2008 Khirbet Qeiyafa became
world-famous. This spectacular success is entirely due to the figure of
King David, who is so well known from the biblical tradition but is a
very elusive figure from the archaeological or historical point of view.
Nowhere else had an archaeological layer that can be related to this
king been uncovered, not even in Jerusalem. For the first time in the
archaeology of Judah, a fortified city from the time of King David had
of the site was obtained by accurate radiometric measurements conducted
on short-lived samples of burned olive pits. The location in the Elah
Valley, just one day’s walk from Jerusalem, places the site in the core
area of the Kingdom of Judah. Moreover, it is exactly in this area and
this era that the biblical tradition places the famous combat between
the inexperienced and anonymous young shepherd David and the
well-equipped giant Philistine warrior Goliath. Khirbet Qeiyafa has
become the point of contact between archaeology,
biblical studies, ancient history and mythology.
fieldwork at Khirbet Qeiyafa lasted seven seasons, from 2007 to 2013.
This book, written at the end of the excavation phase, summarizes the
main results, supplies answers to various issues concerning the site
that have been raised over the last few years, and presents a
comprehensive interim report. The authors use this opportunity to
discuss various methodological issues that relate to archaeology and the
biblical tradition, and how to combine the two.
Khirbet Qeiyafa Vol. 2. Excavation Report 2009–2013:
Stratigraphy and Architecture (Areas B, C, D, E), Yosef Garfinkel, Saar
Ganor, and Michael G. Hasel; edited by: Martin G. Klingbeil
704 pages; 21 × 31 cm., hard cover. Numerous color
illustrations. ISBN 978-965-221-096-8
Price: $88 ($66 to IES members).
This final report analyzes the stratigraphy and
architecture of four excavation areas at Khirbet Qeiyafa covering the
2009-2013 excavation seasons: Areas B, C, D, and E. Khirbet Qeiyafa
presents, for the first time in the archaeology of the southern Levant,
an Iron Age IIA fortified city in Judah, dated to ca. 1000 BCE, the time
of King David. This data has far-reaching implications for the
archaeology and history, as well as the biblical traditions relating to
the rise of the biblical Kingdom of Judah. Among the outstanding
discoveries made at the site are two Cypro-Geometric Bichrome Ware
barrel juglets. They connect the material culture and chronology of the
site of Khirbet Qeiyafa to the rest of the Levant. Together with other
imported artifacts from Egypt and Jordan, they emphasize the economic
significance of Khirbet Qeiyafa and its long-distance trade networks
with other parts of the ancient Near East.
Qeiyafa - Volume I Excavation Report 2007–2008 Yosef
Garfinkel and Saar Ganor 324 pages; 21 × 31 cm., hard cover. Numerous
color illustrations. ISBN 978-965-221-077-7
Price: $72 ($54 to IES members). Airmail
Khirbet Qeiyafa is a 2.3 hectare site surrounded by
massive fortifications of megalithic stones that still stand to a height
of 2–3 m. It is on the summit of a hill on the north side of the Elah
Valley. This is a key strategic location in the biblical Kingdom of
Judah, on the main road connecting Philistia and the Coastal Plain to
Jerusalem and Hebron in the hill country. The excavations unearthed, for
the first time in the archaeological research of Israel, a fortified
city in Judah from the late 11th–early 10th centuries BCE.
The planning of the city includes the casemate city wall and a belt of
houses abutting the casemates and incorporating them as part of the
construction. This is a typical feature of planning in the biblical
Kingdom of Judah and is known at Beth-Shemesh, Beersheba and other
sites. Khirbet Qeiyafa is the earliest known example of this plan and
indicates that this pattern had already been developed in the time of
King David. The outstanding discovery of the 2008 excavation season was
an ostracon, a pottery sherd bearing an inscription, uncovered near the
western city gate. This inscription clearly indicates that writing was
indeed practiced in Judah during the late 11th– early 10th centuries
BCE. Historical knowledge could have been documented then and preserved