The Goddess of Sha`ar Hagolan. Excavations at a Neolithic Site in Israel (2004)

Y. Garfinkel, The Goddess of Sha`ar Hagolan. Excavations at a Neolithic Site in Israel (2004) 216 pp., 24 x 17 cm., hardcover. ISBN 965-221-056-0 Numerous color illustrations Price: $30 Discounted price to IES members: $22.50


Sha`ar Hagolan Vol. 2



Y.Garfinkel and  D. Ben-Shlomo: Sha‘ar Hagolan 2: The Rise of Urban Concepts in the Ancient Near East




Sha`ar Hagolan Vol. 3

Symbolic Dimensions of the Yarmukian Culture: Canonization in Neolithic Art

Yosef Garfinkel, David Ben-Shlomo and Naomi Korn

404 pp, 24 x 31 cm., 34 color plates, hard cover. ISBN: 978-965-221-081-4

Price: $76 ($57 to IES members). Airmail postage: $18

The book presents the entire assemblage of clay and stone figurative art from the Pottery Neolithic site of Sha’ar Hagolan (ca. 6,400-6,000 BCE). Nearly 300 items are presented in technical drawings, photographs and text. Detailed analysis reveals that most of the figurines, regardless the raw materials utilized in their fabrication, portray a specific anthropomorphic figure. The same figure is encountered in representations at all other Yarmukian sites, from Byblos in the north to ‘Ain Ghazal in the east. This clearly reflects shared symbolic expression throughout the large territory of the Yarmukian culture. The analysis differentiates between individual imagination and collective public imagination. The latter indicates strong group cohesion, achieved and maintained through common ideology and a shared worldview. The making of the figurines, the meaning of their attributes, and ritual that may have been associated with them were the main tools utilized in creating Yarmukian identity and solidarity.

Sha'ar Hagolan Vol. 4


The Ground-Stone Industry: Stone Working at the Dawn of Pottery Production in the Southern Levant


Danny Rosenberg and Yosef Garfinkel


This volume presents the data and analysis of the ground-stone assemblage from the renewed excavations at Sha'ar Hagolan, a major site of the Pottery Neolithic Yarmukian culture in the Jordan Valley of Israel. Hundreds of ground-stone implements were unearthed in the course of the eleven excavation seasons at the site (in 1989–1990 and 1996–2004), conducted by one of the authors, Prof. Yosef Garfinkel, on behalf of the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. These items are the focus of this monograph, which aims at presenting their characteristics, analysing their attributes and discussing their significance for our understanding of the Neolithic period of the southern Levant.

            Ground-stone tools, like other forms of material culture, reflect the sum of many functional, stylistic and symbolic choices made by ancient societies. As such, ground-stone assemblages should be perceived as promising arenas for studying various social and economic phenomena pertaining to past communities. This versatile tool group is a key factor in our understanding of prehistoric societies.

            The ground-stone implements on which this volume focuses were retrieved from within the courtyard buildings and other architectural units, as well as from various open areas between and near the main architectural complexes. Many ground-stone items were also found incorporated in floors, in various installations and in walls, and others were found in fills or on the surface. The assemblage was studied by one of the authors, Danny Rosenberg, in 2009–2010 and was presented as part of his Ph.D. dissertation. Different aspects of the assemblage were further investigated in the framework of his post-doctoral research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

            This volume, published in 2015 by Israel Exploration Society in cooperation with the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is the outcome of over twenty years of research into Yarmukian Sha'ar Hagolan.



336 pages, 264 plates and figures and 50 tables; 26.2 34.2 cm; hard cover. ISBN 978-965-221-094-4. Price: $76 ($57 for IES members) + postage



From Sha'ar Hagolan to Shaaraim Essays in Honor of Prof. Yosef Garfinkel